What is shoulder labrum repair or labral reconstruction?
The glenoid labrum is one of the primary stabilizers of the shoulder joint. The labrum keeps the humeral head from dislocating from the glenoid fossa or socket. The labrum can be traumatically injured (dislocation, fall on outstretched arm) or from repeated use (throwing, swimming).
Labral repair is a surgical technique performed on the shoulder to treat labral tears. This procedure is performed arthroscopically. However, severe injuries to the labrum can require an open surgical approach. The goal of labrum repair is the restoration of labrum integrity and function. In most cases, the labrum is torn away from the bony portion of the glenoid socket. Repair of the labrum back to its native bony insertion is the goal of this procedure. Riley J. Williams, orthopedic shoulder surgeon, serving Manhattan, New York City, and the surrounding New York boroughs, has extensive experience in performing shoulder labrum repairs and other shoulder procedures.