What are the treatment options available?
Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a progressive, degenerative disease; this mean that PVNS will continue to worsen and usually will require surgery. It is believed that some patients with PVNS have a protein that is sometimes found in the cell lining the damaged joint called CFS-R1. Researchers are developing drug therapy that may be effective for fighting CFS-R1. Dr. Williams can explain the treatment options and can help determine if you are a good candidate for clinical trials for the drug therapy. Other non-surgical treatments may include resting the knee when there is a flare up, and using ice for pain and swelling. It is important to maintain a regular exercise routine to maintain mobility and the range of motion of the knee.
Surgery is often very successful for localized PVNS. Surgery is performed to remove the growth or tumor that is caused by pigmented villonodular synovitis. Dr. Williams will discuss which type of surgery is suitable for you and may include one or more of the following:
- Knee Arthroscopy with synovectomy
- Knee arthrotomy with synovectomy
- PVNS Lesion removal