What is osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) repair?
Osteochondritis dissecans repair of the knee is a surgical treatment that addresses the symptoms associated with a symptomatic osteochondritis dissecans lesion of the knee. When conservative, non-surgical treatment methods fail, OCD repair is often indicated as a means of relieving clinical symptoms and to prevent joint degeneration and osteoarthritis. OCD repair methods include the following:
Retrograde drilling of the lesion – drilling beneath the lesion to increase blood flow
Microfracture – creation of vascular channels through the lesion to increase blood flow
OCD lesion fixation or pinning – uses internal fixation to stabilize the OCD lesion
Bone and/or cartilage grafting – reconstruction of the OCD using external tissue sources