What is an allograft ACL reconstruction graft?
An allograft is a type of graft that is donated to a tissue bank by a donor. These grafts, much like the grafts mentioned previously, can be harvested from many different anatomic locations. Patellar tendon grafts, quadriceps tendon grafts, and hamstring tendon grafts can be obtained through allograft sources. Allograft tissue is preferred choice for patients who experienced multiple ligament knee injuries.
Donor tissues are a safe option for ACL reconstruction surgery. These tissues are tested, sterilized, and processed before they are accepted for use by tissue banks. Part of this processing includes removing any blood, cells or other living components on the tendon graft. This processing helps to decrease the possibility of tissue rejection after surgery.
Much like any other graft, allografts do have some associated risks. Though uncommon, there is a slight chance of rejection and graft failure. It has been suggested that allograft tissue is not as strong as an autograft tissue because of the described processing needed for donor grafts. This may be a greater concern for patients participating in sports or who perform frequent physical labor. Allografts, much like autografts, can be an excellent choice for ACL reconstruction. Dr. Williams has years of experience diagnosing patients and determining what type of graft is best for them.