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Arthroscopic capsular plication for anterior instability related to isolated capsular redundancy is an effective procedure that yields a high rate of patient satisfaction and return to overhead athletic activity with an acceptably low failure rate. Patients with associated rotator cuff injury may be at higher risk for treatment failure.

In the arthroscopic treatment of anterior instability, identification of risk factors for recurrence allows for appropriate patient counseling and consideration of open stabilization. In our series, patients under age 25, with ligamentous laxity, and with a large (>250 mm3) Hill-Sachs lesion were at the greatest risk of recurrence.